Summary. Particles found in bovine seminal vesicle secretion were enriched by centrifugation. They varied in size and morphology and contained Mg2+,Ca2+-activated ATPase, aminopeptidase A, alanyl aminopeptidase, γ-glutamyl transpeptidase and dipeptidyl peptidase IV activities. Hyperactivation of sperm motility and the acrosome reaction were induced by these particles in epididymal spermatozoa suspended in a modified Ringer medium. The hyperactivation, analysed with a microscopic slide test, started within minutes of exposure to membrane particles and continued for 3–4 h, during which time spermatozoa underwent the acrosome reaction. Acrosome staining, phase-contrast microscopy and transmission electron microscopy revealed that the acrosome reaction started within 60 min at 37°C and affected up to 80% of spermatozoa in 4 h. These membrane particles differed from those reported previously in other species in enzyme composition, function and organ of origin.
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