Until recently, the molecular pathogenesis of preeclampsia (PE) remained largely unknown. Reports have shown that circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) are promising novel biomarkers for cancer, pregnancy, tissue injury, and other conditions. The objective of this study was to identify differentially expressed miRNAs in plasma from severe preeclamptic pregnancies compared with plasma from normal pregnancies. By mature miRNA microarray analysis, 15 miRNAs, including 13 up- and two downregulated miRNAs, were screened to be differentially expressed in plasma from women with severe PE (sPE). Seven miRNAs, namely miR-24, miR-26a, miR-103, miR-130b, miR-181a, miR-342-3p, and miR-574-5p, were validated to be elevated in plasma from severe preeclamptic pregnancies by real-time quantitative stem-loop RT-PCR analysis. Gene ontology and pathway enrichment analyses revealed that these miRNAs were involved in specific biological process categories (including regulation of metabolic processes, regulation of transcription, and cell cycle) and signaling pathways (including the MAP kinase signaling pathway, the transforming growth factor-β signaling pathway, and pathways in cancer metastasis). This study presents, for the first time, the differential expression profile of circulating miRNAs in sPE patients. The seven elevated circulating miRNAs may play critical roles in the pathogenesis of sPE, and one or more of them may become potential markers for diagnosing sPE.
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Liang Wu, Honghui Zhou, Haiyan Lin, Jianguo Qi, Cheng Zhu, Zhiying Gao, and Hongmei Wang
Ning-Xin Qin, Yi-Ran Zhao, Wei-Hui Shi, Zhi-Yang Zhou, Ke-Xin Zou, Chuan-Jin Yu, Xia Liu, Ze-Han Dong, Yi-Ting Mao, Cheng-Liang Zhou, Jia-Le Yu, Xin-Mei Liu, Jian-Zhong Sheng, Guo-Lian Ding, Wen-Long Zhao, Yan-Ting Wu, and He-Feng Huang
The number of children born after assisted reproductive technology (ART) is accumulating rapidly, and the health problems of the children are extensively concerned. This study aims to evaluate whether ART procedures alter behaviours in male offspring. Mouse models were utilized to establish three groups of offspring conceived by natural conception (NC), in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET), and frozen-thawed embryo transfer (IVF-FET), respectively. A battery of behaviour experiments for evaluating anxiety and depression levels, including the open field test (OFT), elevated plus maze (EPM) test, light/dark transition test (L/DTT), tail suspension test (TST), forced swimming test (FST), and sucrose preference test (SPT) was carried out. Aged (18 months old), but not young (3 months old), male offspring in the IVF-ET and IVF-FET groups, compared with those in the NC group, exhibited increased anxiety and depression-like behaviours. The protein expression levels of three neurotrophins in PFC or hippocampus in aged male offspring from the IVF-ET and IVF-FET groups reduced at different extent, in comparison to NC group. RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) was performed in the hippocampus of 18 months old offspring to further explore the gene expression profile changes in the three groups. KEGG analyses revealed the coexisted pathways, such as PI3K-Akt signalling pathway, which potentially reflected the similarity and divergence in anxiety and depression between the offspring conceived by IVF-ET and IVF-FET. Our research suggested the adverse effects of advanced age on the psychological health of children born after ART should be highlighted in the future.