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  • Author: Diarmaid D Houlihan x
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Diarmaid D Houlihan, Michael C Dennedy and John J Morrison

The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of abnormal cannabidiol (abn-cbd) on oxytocin-induced myometrial contractility occurring during pregnancy. Isometric tension recordings were performed in isolated myometrial strips from biopsies obtained at elective cesarean section. The effects of cumulative doses of abn-cbd (10−9–10−5 M) on oxytocin-induced myometrial contractions alone, and on those following pre-incubation with SR 144528, AM 251, methylene blue, and iberiotoxin were measured, and dose–response curves were constructed. The pD2 (−log EC50) values and the maximal inhibitory (MMI) values that were achieved were compared for each tissue type. Abn-cbd exerted a potent relaxant effect on oxytocin-induced myometrial contractions in vitro. Pre-incubation with the guanylate cyclase inhibitor, methylene blue, and the BKCa channel antagonist, iberiotoxin, significantly attenuated this effect (for pD2, P<0.01; for MMI, P<0.01). Abn-cbd exerts a potent inhibitory effect on human uterine contractility. This effect is partially mediated through modulation of guanylate cyclase and activation of BKCa channel activity. These findings have implications for physiologic regulation of myometrial quiescence.