Anoura geoffroyi (Chiroptera, Phyllostomidae, Glossophaginae), Geoffroy's hairy-legged long-tongued bat, were collected from September 1984 to August 1985, and these bats were found to breed seasonally in the wild on Trinidad, West Indies, at 10°N latitude. Histological examination of these samples indicated that females became pregnant in July or August, and young were born in late November or early December. The testes and epididymides were small from September to mid-April, increased threefold in weight between mid-April and late May, reached a peak weight in July, and decreased in weight in August. Spermatogenesis occurred throughout the testes of males captured from May to August. In 1990, the timing of parturition in females that gave birth in the laboratory to young conceived in the wild was similar to the timing in the field in 1984–1985. Groups of 10–13 males were subjected in the laboratory to (i) a gradually changing, civil twilight photoperiod that mimicked the natural cycle of annual change at 10°N latitude, (ii) the same gradually changing cycle of photoperiod accelerated to a six-month period, or (iii) a constant photoperiod (light 12:54 h: dark 11:06 h). These treatments began in mid-December, four months before the initiation of testicular recrudescence in the wild. In all three groups, testicular volume remained low until April, and then increased two- to threefold between late April and late June, rising to a peak in July, as occurred in the wild. Thus photoperiodic cues are not required for testicular recrudescence during the six months before peak testis size, nor is the timing of recrudescence sensitive to the accelerated pattern of photoperiodic change provided here. It is possible that other photoperiod treatments might affect reproductive timing in this species, or that other portions of the reproductive cycle are sensitive to photoperiod.
Keywords: photoperiod; tropical, seasonal breeding; bat; Phyllostomidae