Summary. In Exp. 1, endometrium was collected from Day-15 cyclic ewes and effects of oTP-1, oxytocin and oTP-1 + oxytocin, in various temporal relationships, on phosphatidylinositol (PI) turnover were determined. Co-treatment of endometrium with oTP-1 and oxytocin inhibited stimulatory effects of oxytocin, while treatment with oTP-1 before and during oxytocin administration had no effect. Turnover of PI was unaffected by oTP-1 alone. In Exp. 2, ovariectomized ewes were treated with progesterone (50 mg/day) for 10 days and then oestrogen (100 μg/day) for 2 days and endometrium was collected. Oxytocin stimulated PI turnover in endometrium, but oTP-1 had no effect alone or in combination with oxytocin. In Exp. 3, ovariectomized ewes were treated with corn oil (1 ml/day), oestrogen (50 μg/day), progesterone (50 mg/day) or progesterone + oestrogen for 10 days and endometrium was collected. Oxytocin stimulated PI turnover only in ewes that received progesterone. oTP-1 alone had no effect on PI turnover, while co-treatment of endometrium with oxytocin and oTP-1 stimulated PI turnover in ewes treated with progesterone, but not progesterone and oestrogen. Pretreatment of endometrium with oTP-1 stimulated PI turnover when ewes were treated with progesterone or progesterone + oestrogen. Pretreatment of endometrium with oxytocin and then treatment with oTP-1 inhibited PI turnover compared to treatment with oxytocin alone. In Exp. 4, ovariectomized ewes were treated as in Exp. 2. Catheters were placed into the uterine horns and ewes received oTP-1 into one horn and serum into the other twice daily on Days 10–12 of steroid treatment. Endometrium collected on Day 13 was used to measure PI turnover and received either no treatment or oxytocin. Oxytocin stimulated PI turnover in endometrium of these ewes and in-vivo treatment of the ewes with oTP-1 had no effect on PI turnover. These results indicate that antiluteolytic effects of oTP-1 are not mediated by inhibiting effects of oxytocin on phosphatidylinositol turnover if oxytocin receptors are present and that uterine responsiveness to oxytocin is progesterone dependent.
Keywords: sheep; conceptus; ovine trophoblast protein-1; phosphatidylinositol turnover; oxytocin