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The sexual development of female mice is accelerated by exposure to an adult male or to male urine. The component of the urine responsible for this effect is androgen-dependent, heat labile, nondialysable, precipitatable with ammonium sulphate, and is not extractable in ether. These results indicate that the pheromone causing accelerated sexual development is associated with a protein component of male urine. Tests of the active fraction after digestion with proteolytic enzymes suggest that the pheromone may be a portion of a protein or a substance bound to a protein.

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P. Abrescia, G. Lombardi, M. De Rosa, L. Quagliozzi, J. Guardiola, and S. Metafora

Summary. In the seminal plasma of normal men a protein, immunologically related to a major protein (RSV-IV) secreted from the rat seminal vesicle epithelium, was detected by competition with RSV-IV in a specific radioimmunoassay using a rabbit anti RSV-IV antiserum. The protein was partly (80%) purified by column chromatography; characterization by gel electrophoresis indicated that the protein is slightly basic and has a molecular weight of 1 40 000. The protein was present on the surface of human spermatozoa as well as in the ejaculates of azoospermic men and it is believed to be a sperm-binding protein.