Summary. Pregnant CD-1 mice were injected with diethylstilboestrol (10μg/kg body weight) in 0·1 ml maize oil, or maize oil alone, on Day 16 of gestation. Six experimental and 6 control female progeny were killed daily from birth until Day 7 and uterine tissues were examined by light microscopy. In-utero exposure to diethylstilboestrol resulted in hypertrophy of luminal epithelial cells and premature formation of uterine glands. The initial sign of uterine gland formation was invagination of the uterine surface epithelial cell layer into the underlying connective tissue stroma. A temporal difference occurred between control animals and those exposed to diethylstilboestrol: uterine gland formation first occurred in experimental progeny on Day 4, but not until Day 5 in control progeny. Uterine glands which extended deep into the connective tissue stroma to the myometrium were present in diethylstilboestrol-treated progeny by Day 7, but remained in the superficial endometrial connective tissue stroma in control animals. The results indicate that prenatal exposure of mice to diethylstilboestrol causes uterine epithelial cell hypertrophy at birth and the premature formation of uterine glands during the first week of neonatal uterine development.
Keywords: uterine glands; development; diethylstilboestrol; mouse