Summary. The response of sexually experienced Ile-de-France rams to the presentation of oestrous females in October at sunrise (Subgroup S) or at 11:00 h (Subgroup N) was studied and compared with unstimulated controls (Subgroup C). Animals (12 per group) were bled for 7 h at 20-min intervals, starting 3 h before stimulation by oestrous females (3 per group). Eight rams from Subgroup S showed an increase of LH pulse frequency and only 3 in Subgroup N (P < 0·03). In Subgroup S the introduction of females led to 2- and 3-fold increases in LH pulse frequency during the stimulation period compared with values in Subgroup C or before the stimulation period (3, 1·6 and 1 peaks/rams/6 h respectively; P < 0·05). The presence of females also led to an increase in mean testosterone concentrations, and small increases in basal and mean LH values. No differences were found in LH peak amplitudes. In Subgroup N only inconsistent evidence of increases in mean LH and testosterone values was found. No differences between Subgroups S and N in behavioural patterns during stimulation were detected. We conclude that the presence of females affects LH pulse frequency at sunrise but not at noon during the breeding season and this effect is at least partly independent of sexual behaviour. These results suggest a possible circadian variation in CNS sensitivity involving the hypothalamic regulation of LH secretion in response to the presence of oestrous females.
Keywords: temporal variations; LH; testosterone; ram; female effect; teasing