A new synthetic steroid, RMI 12,936, was examined for its contraceptive potential in rats and comparisons with ethinyloestradiol were also made. Marked differences in the biological effects of the compounds were found, RMI 12,936 having high antiprogestational but negligible oestrogenic activity. Administration of RMI 12,936 on Day 1 of pregnancy caused acceleration of egg transport, the initial changes being apparent within 12 hr of dosing. Termination of pregnancy was associated with a significant reduction in ovarian weight. On Day 8 of pregnancy, RMI 12,936 resulted in significant ovarian hypertrophy, apparent within 48 hr, possibly due to a luteotrophic stimulus of placental origin. Pregnancy could not be maintained by progesterone implants, indicating that utilization was inhibited. Egg transfer experiments indicated that the primary effects were probably on the maternal reproductive tract. Pregnancy was terminated after administration of RMI 12,936 on Day 19.
The compound also had antifertility activity following intravaginal administration.