Summary. Harderian glands of Syrian hamsters contained measurable levels of immunoreactive somatostatin. After an extraction procedure, serial dilutions of tissue were assayed and showed parallelism in the displacement curve with dilutions of purified somatostatin standard in the radioimmunoassay. Somatostatin concentrations were higher in female hamsters (10·0 ± 2·1 ng/mg protein) than in males (2·6 ± 0·4 ng/mg protein). Castrated males had somatostatin values in the range of females (12·4 ± 2·3 ng/mg protein) at 1 month after gonadectomy. Testosterone implants prevented the rise of Harderian gland somatostatin in castrated males. Gonadectomized males had lower somatostatin content in the gland than did control males (1·0 ± 0·2 ng/mg protein) at 2 months after castration. Somatostatin values in females were unaffected by gonadectomy, but there were variations during the oestrous cycle, with a nadir dectected at dioestrus-1 and maximal values coincident with the day of the ovulation.
Keywords: somatostatin; Harderian gland; androgens; Syrian hamster