Summary. Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) activity was measured in epididymides of 45-day-old rats. Higher ODC activity was detected in the corpus and cauda than in the caput epididymidis. Bilateral castration for 7 days caused epididymal ODC to fall to undetectable values, whereas testosterone restored activity to normal values. The effect of the androgen was significantly inhibited by cyproterone acetate. The caput was more sensitive to the action of testosterone than were the corpus and caudal segments. Unilateral castration for 4 or 8 days did not affect ODC on the control or castrated side, but the activity fell in epididymides of both sides after removal of the remaining testis. These results show that epididymal ODC activity is androgen-dependent.
M. A. de las Heras and R. S. Calandra
M. A. de las Heras, M. O. Suescun and R. S. Calandra
Summary. After castration, there was a marked decrease in serum androgen concentration at 6 h, and a dramatic inhibition of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) at 12 h. Administration of testosterone propionate to castrated rats at a dose of 0·05 mg/animal restored ODC activity to the normal value. However, no change was observed when intact rats were treated with testosterone even at a 40-fold higher dose, indicating that endogenous androgens present in intact rats are far in excess for maintenance of maximal levels of activity. Administration of the antiandrogen flutamide to intact rats caused a moderate decrease in epididymal weight, whereas this effect was more pronounced in castrated, androgen-treated rats. In the latter, the effect of flutamide was significant at the lowest dose used (0·5 mg/day). ODC activity was significantly decreased by flutamide treatment of intact rats, but even at the highest dose used (10 mg/day) only a 39% inhibition was observed. In flutamide-treated rats, LH concentrations were markedly increased, as were serum and epididymal androgens. In androgen-treated castrated rats, flutamide caused epididymal ODC to fall to undetectable values. These results show that: (1) androgens are essential for the maintenance of ODC activity in the epididymis; (2) epididymal ODC activity is maximally stimulated by endogenous androgens, at least in the pubertal rat; (3) the apparent potency of flutamide is substantially lowered by an increase in epididymal androgens. We suggest that ODC is a sensitive marker of the action of androgens and antiandrogens in the epididymis.
Keywords: androgen; antiandrogen; epididymis; ornithine decarboxylase; rat
M. A. de las Heras, S. I. Gonzalez and R. S. Calandra
Summary. Unilateral orchidectomy resulted in a significant decrease in tissue content of putrescine and polyamines. However, no differences were detected when the results were expressed in terms of ng g−1 tissue. At 48 h after bilateral orchidectomy, a significant decrease in putrescine content was observed, but spermidine and spermine content were unaffected. The observed decrease in putrescine was prevented by treatment with testosterone propionate, but neither spermidine nor spermine were affected. Bilateral orchidectomy resulted in a significant decrease in the tissue content of putrescine, spermidine and spermine after 7 days. Treatment with testosterone propionate increased the content of putrescine, spermidine and spermine in the epididymis by about 200%, 92% and 34%, respectively. When results were expressed as nmol g−1, a significant decrease after castration in putrescine and spermidine, but not in spermine, was observed. Treatment with testosterone propionate restored putrescine concentration, but had no effect on spermidine and spermine concentrations. In castrated rats treated with testosterone propionate, the anti-androgen flutamide abolished the effect of the androgen on putrescine and spermidine content, but there was no effect on spermine.
Acetylputrescine was not detected in the epididymis, while acetylpolyamines were detected at much lower concentrations than polyamines. After bilateral orchidectomy there was a decrease in the tissue content of all acetylpolyamines and an increase in their tissue concentration. The effect of castration on acetylpolyamine content was reversed by testosterone propionate treatment. We conclude that an active synthesis of polyamines occurs in the rat epididymis, and that this process depends upon the androgen environment. Regulation of ornithine decarboxylase activity appears to be the main step that is controlled by androgens.
Keywords: flutamide; putrescine; testosterone; spermidine; spermine; rat