In the order Artiodactyla, the cloven-hooved mammals, there are a number of families and cattle belong to the genus Bos within the Family Bovidae. All modern cattle have developed by natural selection into many distinct species including, amongst others, Bubalus bubalis, the domesticated Asian buffalo, Bos taurus, the domesticated cow of Europe, and Bos indicus, the domesticated zebu of India/Asia and Africa.
Improved buffalo and zebu production could significantly enhance the economy and living standards of many rural communities throughout the world. The purpose of this present review is not to cite every publication concerning cattle but rather to highlight both the similarities and differences between buffaloes, cows and zebu in an attempt to emphasize areas in which greatest gains are to be made in the future of the unrealized potential of the buffalo and zebu compared to the highly developed Western cow. Care must be taken to substantiate