Summary. The presence of a fecundity gene (F) in Booroola Merino ewes increases the ovulation rate. To test how F gene expression affects the gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) concentration in hypothalamic or extrahypothalamic regions of the brain, GnRH was measured by radioimmunoassay in acetic acid extracts of various brain tissues from Booroola ewes which were homozygous (FF), heterozygous (F+) or non-carriers (++) of the F gene. The GnRH concentration in brain tissues from FF, F+ and ++ animals which had been ovariectomized 5 months previously was also evaluated.
No significant F gene-specific differences were noted in any of the brain areas tested, in intact or ovariectomized animals. However, in ovariectomized ewes, the concentrations of GnRH increased about 2-fold in the median eminence of the hypothalamus, remained unchanged in the medial basal hypothalamus and dropped to <10% of the values in intact ++ animals in the preoptic area.
These studies suggest that the changed pituitary sensitivity and increased gonadotrophin release in Booroolas carrying the F gene(s) is not attributable to increased hypothalamic GnRH concentrations in these animals.
Keywords: GnRH; sheep; brain; Booroola; F-gene