Daily measurements of pituitary lh content during pregnancy in the rat, by the ovarian ascorbic acid depletion method, reveal no evidence of the regular changes manifested during the non-pregnant oestrous cycle. Instead, lh content rises from typical oestrous values on Day 1 to levels characteristic of cyclic pro-oestrus on Day 8. Pituitary lh content then exceeds pro-oestrous levels throughout the remainder of pregnancy until Day 21. Ovarian weight first decreases up to Day 10, then rises until the end of pregnancy. Ovarian histology reveals the presence of follicles of all sizes on each day, accompanied by increasing size of the corpora lutea of pregnancy. The significance of these observations and previous data in the literature concerning the pituitaryovarian axis during pregnancy are discussed from the point of view of the question of persistence of some manifestations of the oestrous cycle during pregnancy.
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