The recently-mated female mouse can be removed from her stud partner within a few hours of coitus and returned to him 24 hr later without disturbance to the pregnancy. [Outbred albino females: Bruce (1959); inbred CBA females: Godowicz (1967).] It is only when she is exposed to another male at this time that pregnancy may be blocked. This presupposes at least partial recognition of the stud male as an individual, amounting to about 25% for outbred albino Ρ males and about 30% for males of an outbred Dutch strain (Parkes & Bruce, 1961). In wild house mice pregnancy rate was reduced to 16% among recently-mated females exposed to strange males from 56% among control females similarly disturbed but without the intervention of a strange male (Chipman & Fox, 1966). This implies an even greater variation among wild house mice. Experiments have been undertaken to investigate the possibility that such individual differences are still retained between males belonging to inbred strains.
Vaginal smears were examined daily from young virgin females paired with fertile males. When the vaginal plug was found (Day 0), the female was separated from the stud male and housed alone. After 24 hr she was introduced into the box containing the test male, where she remained for 3 days. At the
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