DECIDUOMAL REACTION INDUCED IN RHESUS MONKEYS BY TUBAL INJECTION OF ARACHIS OIL AND BY THE PRESENCE OF AN INTRAUTERINE DEVICE

in Reproduction

In the rhesus monkey, Macaca mulatta, mechanical traumatization of the endometrium at the sensitive stage of the menstrual cycle, or under the appropriate hormonal conditions, induces a superficial deciduomal reaction which is similar to the epithelial plaque formed during implantation (Hisaw, 1935; Hisaw, Greep & Fevold, 1937; Wislocki & Streeter, 1938; Rossman, 1940). A deciduomal reaction can be induced in the same way when the uterus contains an IUD (Kelly, Marston & Eckstein, 1969) and this suggests that the endometrium's sensitivity and responsiveness to a traumatic stimulus is not affected by the presence of an IUD. Mechanical trauma injures all the endometrial tissues, but the naturally implanting blastocyst provides quite a different stimulus, which is likely to affect just the surface epithelium of the endometrium. We have, therefore, extended our previous study and induced a deciduomal

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