Gonadotrophin and steroid concentrations in bovine follicular fluid and their relationship to follicle size

in Reproduction

Summary. The concentrations of LH, FSH and prolactin, and oestradiol-17β, androstenedione, testosterone and progesterone were measured in follicular fluid from small, medium and large bovine follicles. As follicle size increased, there was a significant increase in median fluid concentrations of prolactin (2-fold) and oestradiol-17β (14-fold) and a significant decrease in concentrations of LH (to 73%), androstenedione (to 30%) and testosterone (to 10%). There was no relationship between follicle size and fluid concentrations of FSH or progesterone, or between fluid concentrations of FSH and the relative concentrations of androgen and oestradiol-17β. As follicle size increased there was a significant increase in the proportion of follicles in which follicular fluid concentrations of oestradiol-17β exceeded those of androgen. There was a significant relationship between follicular fluid concentrations of prolactin and progesterone; as fluid prolactin concentrations increased, the maximum concentration of progesterone observed decreased.

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    Society for Reproduction and Fertility

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