Summary. Monoclonal antibodies against bovine anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) were used to study the hormone in cattle. Anti-Müllerian activity of testicular tissue, immunoreactive testicular AMH, serum AMH concentration and AMH production by incubated testicular tissue were detectable from 42 days, i.e. at the time of seminiferous tubule differentiation, and peaked between 50 and 80 days, when the Müllerian ducts regress in the male fetus. All the values stabilized at a lower level until 30 days after birth and then slowly decreased. At 18 months, only traces of AMH immunoreactivity were detectable in testicular tissue and serum concentration and AMH production by incubated testicular tissue were negligible; the main source of AMH in the adult animal was the rete testis fluid. Study of the disappearance rate of AMH from the serum of castrated calves gave a half-life of approximately 2 days for bovine AMH.
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