Summary. Trifluoperazine, a calmodulin antagonist, inhibited the A23187-induced increase in outputs of prostaglandin (PG) F-2α and 6-oxo-PGF-1α from the Day 7 and Day 15 guinea-pig uterus superfused in vitro. The basal outputs of, and the arachidonic acid-induced increase in outputs of PGF-2α, PGE-2 and 6-oxo-PGF-1α from the guinea-pig uterus were not inhibited by trifluoperazine. In contrast, indomethacin inhibited A23187-stimulated, arachidonic acid-stimulated and the basal outputs of PGs from the guinea-pig uterus, indicating that trifluoperazine was not inhibiting cyclo-oxygenase. Since the action of A23187 is dependent upon extracellular Ca2+, the present findings provide evidence that calmodulin is involved in Ca2+-induced increases in uterine PG output from the guinea-pig uterus.
Trifluoperazine, but not indomethacin, inhibited A23187-induced contraction of the guinea-pig uterus, which is consistent with calmodulin being involved in smooth muscle contraction. Arachidonic acid treatment did not contract the guinea-pig uterus. These findings indicate that PGs are not involved in the contraction induced by A23187. Other findings of interest were (i) trifluoperazine caused a small, sometimes significant (P < 0·05), increase in uterine PG output, (ii) exogenous arachidonic acid failed to increase PGF-2α output from the Day 15 uterus in contrast to the stimulant action of A23187, and (iii) exogenous arachidonic acid caused a fairly large increase in uterine PGE-2 output in contrast to the small effect with A23187.
Reproduction is committed to supporting researchers in demonstrating the impact of their articles published in the journal.
The two types of article metrics we measure are (i) more traditional full-text views and pdf downloads, and (ii) Altmetric data, which shows the wider impact of articles in a range of non-traditional sources, such as social media.
More information is on the Reasons to publish page.
|Sept 2018 onwards||Past Year||Past 30 Days|
|Full Text Views||78||65||2|