Summary. Baboon CG from the urine and placenta (Days 33–45 of gestation) was purified by ammonium acetate/alcohol extraction followed by ionic exchange, gel filtration and affinity chromatography. The CG activity was monitored using a double-antibody radioimmunoassay utilizing anti-baboon CG and hCG both as the labelled ligand and standard. Biological activity was measured by the rat luteal cell radio-receptor assay. The purified preparation exhibited heterogeneity in terms of its behaviour during ionic exchange chromatography and isoelectric focussing. Like hCG, baboon CG was made up of two non-covalently linked subunits: the Stokes' radii were 36·5, 29·0 and 22·0 × 10−10 m for native CG, the beta subunit and the alpha subunit. The material focussed between pH 4·2 and 5·5. Relative to the second international hCG standard the biological potency of the purified urinary baboon CG was 4058 i.u. whilst the immunological activity was 4364 i.u. It is concluded that baboon and human CG are very similar with respect to their physicochemical properties and that baboon CG can be purified by the methods that have been developed for hCG.
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