A study of the genital organs of the female dromedary (Camelus dromedarius)

in Reproduction
A. B. ElWishy
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Summary. Camels (416 pregnant, 118 non-involuted post partum and 730 nonpregnant) were examined post mortem. Large follicles (>10 mm), small follicles (5–10 mm) and non-functional ovaries were observed in 144 (20·7%), 127 (18·3%) and 424 (61·0%) respectively out of 695 normal non-pregnant organs. Season did not exert any significant influence on the frequency of these groups. Recently formed and regressing CL after sterile mating were occasionally seen. Corpora albicantia (3–15 mm) were the most frequent structures observed in non-pregnant organs of parous camels as well as in pregnant tracts, together with the CL of pregnancy: 17% of ovaries contained more than one luteal structure. Pregnancy was easily recognized as early as 40–45 days of gestation because of the marked swelling of the left uterine horn in which 99·52% of the pregnancies were located.

Keywords: dromedary; ovary; Graafian follicle; corpus luteum; early pregnancy


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