Changes in the composition of the hamster zona pellucida after fertilization in vivo but not in vitro

in Reproduction

Summary. Hamster zonae pellucidae were obtained from follicular oocytes, superovulated eggs, and eggs fertilized in vivo or in vitro. Zonae were labelled with N-succinimidyl-3(4-hydroxy,5-[125I]iodophenyl)propionate, and compared on single-and two-dimensional SDS-PAGE. Single-dimensional electrophoresis showed considerable differences between zona categories in the amount of label that they incorporated; follicular zonae incorporated the least label and zonae from eggs fertilized in vivo the most. On two-dimensional electrophoresis, polypeptides from 3 of the 4 zona categories migrated into 4 major groups: two of these groups each with Mr 150 000–250 000 were within the Mr range of ZP1, and two others, at Mr 90 000 and 55 000, appeared to be analogous to ZP2 and ZP3, respectively. The fourth zona category (zonae from eggs fertilized in vivo) showed a changed polypeptide profile as well as incorporating the most label; one of the polypeptides, Mr 150 000–250 000, was undetectable, but a train of Mr 70 000–90 000 polypeptides and a discrete polypeptide at Mr 20 000 were new. Since this changed profile did not occur in zonae from superovulated eggs, or in zonae from eggs fertilized in vitro, a synergism between oviducal factors and factors from the spermatozoon or egg, or both, towards the zona in vivo is indicated.

Keywords: fertilization; zona pellucida; electrophoresis; hamster

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    Society for Reproduction and Fertility

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