Summary. The effects of administration of progesterone and oestradiol on ovine endometrial oxytocin receptor concentrations and plasma concentrations of 13,14-dihydro-15-keto prostaglandin F-2α (PGFM) after oxytocin treatment were determined in ovariectomized ewes. Ewes received progestagen pre-treatment, progesterone and/or oestradiol in 11 different treatment schedules.
Progestagen pre-treatment decreased oxytocin receptor concentrations in endometrium from ewes treated subsequently with either progesterone for 5 days or progesterone for 5 days plus oestradiol on Days 4 and 5 of progesterone treatment. Oestradiol increased endometrial oxytocin receptor concentrations when administered on Days 4 and 5 of 5 days progesterone treatment. Progestagen pre-treatment followed by progesterone treatment for 12 days caused a large increase in oxytocin receptors and no further increase occurred when ewes were given oestradiol on Days 11 and 12, or when progesterone was withdrawn on Days 11 and 12, or these two treatments were combined.
Oxytocin administration caused an increase in plasma PGFM concentrations in ewes which did not receive progestagen pre-treatment, and subsequently received progesterone treatment for 5 days and oestradiol treatment on Days 4 and 5 of progesterone treatment. Similarly treated ewes which received progestagen pre-treatment did not respond to oxytocin. Oxytocin administration also increased plasma PGFM concentrations in ewes which received progestagen pre-treatment followed by progesterone treatment for 12 days, progesterone treatment for 12 days plus oestradiol on Day 11 and 12 of progesterone treatment, progesterone withdrawal on Day 11 and 12, or progesterone withdrawal and oestradiol treatment combined. The results indicate that (1) progesterone pre-treatment affects oxytocin receptor concentrations in the endometrium and uterine responsiveness to oxytocin and (2) progesterone treatment alone for 12 days after a treatment which mimics a previous luteal phase and oestrus is sufficient to induce oxytocin receptors and increase oxytocin-induced PGF release. These results emphasize the importance of progesterone and provide information which can be used to form an hypothesis for control of luteolysis and oestrous cycle length in the ewe.
Keywords: progesterone; oestradiol; oxytocin; receptor; 13,14-dihydro-15-keto PGF-2
Reproduction is committed to supporting researchers in demonstrating the impact of their articles published in the journal.
The two types of article metrics we measure are (i) more traditional full-text views and pdf downloads, and (ii) Altmetric data, which shows the wider impact of articles in a range of non-traditional sources, such as social media.
More information is on the Reasons to publish page.
|Sept 2018 onwards||Past Year||Past 30 Days|
|Full Text Views||98||98||15|